Bangladash About ninety percent of her population depends on agriculture wholly or partially. This country is not sufficiently developed in the industrial sector. So we have to depend mostly on agricultural products for our living
The agricultural products of Bangladesh can chiefly be classified into two categories - cash crops and food crops. Jute is the main cash crop of Bangladesh .
By exporting jute our country earns a great amount of foreign exchange every year. Jute is therefore, rightly called the ' Golden fiber' of Bangladesh . The chief food crop of Bangladesh is rice. But the rice produced here is not adequate enough to meet up the total requirements for the inhabitants of the country throughout the year. Tea, our another cash crop. It is exported to foreign countries and thus helps to increase our foreign exchange.
But though Bangladesh lives on agriculture yet it is not advanced in the systems of agriculture. The methods of cultivation of the country are mostly old and outdated . Scientific methods of cultivation are not followed in our country. Our farmers do not know how to use manure and fertilizer for the fertility of the soil. They are also helpless victims of natural calamities like flood and draught. Many industries of our country depend on agricultural products. Both men and animals depend on agriculture for foodstuff. So failure of crops in any year brings untold sufferings to the entire population of the country.
The first thing necessary for the improvement of our agricultural is to educate our peasants. Our farmers should be taught the uses of modern instruments for the cultivation of their land, machines, tractors cannot be used in small plots of lands. So, cooperative farming should be encouraged.
Every year natural calamities like folds, cyclone, tidal waves cause a great havoc to our crops to prevent this both the government and the public should come forward. By proper embankment we can save our crops from flood. Plant protection department should actively come forward against diseases and insects of our plants.
The farmers to protect their crops already use now-a-days pesticides. Dams have been built in some areas of the country. People are now familiar with chemical fertilizer and manure. Now all out efforts are being made for the development of agriculture in our country.